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Community-Led Climate Change Adaptation

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Lutheran World Relief (LWR) commissioned Austin Lord, a Master’s student from Yale University and 2014-2015 Fulbright Scholar in Nepal, to evaluate the benefits and challenges resulting from the construction of micro-hydropower projects (MHPs) as part of LWR’s Community-Led Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) Program in Nepal, and provide recommendations for future programming. The program was implemented from November 2011 to September 2014 and was evaluated in August 2014.

The Kailali District of Nepal is one of the Far Western districts in the Seti Zone. Poverty is rampant in the area due to low production, low income and lack of access for people to markets. The majority of the people lack access to resources and services and have limited decision making forums (local institutions). The existence of feudal norms and values, lack of knowledge and skills on improved technologies, declining agriculture productivity and poor access to financial services leads to a very low level of employment opportunities. Many youth migrate for seasonal employment opportunities. Gender discrimination, increasing women workloads, and poor women representation in the local institutions are some of the major challenges in the area that ultimately impede the overall development process in general and the livelihoods of the people in particular.

The Project

LWR has been working with LWF Nepal since 2009. The project is designed to address the immediate and most challenging issues faced by the people, namely hunger and food insecurity, in four Village Development Committees (VDCs) of Kailali District. The project seeks to create and expand dignified livelihood opportunities for 1,602 households with a specific focus on women, youth and marginalized people that are affected by discrimination, and exclusion in the District.

Group members will be involved in different farm-based income generation activities and adopt modern farming technological inputs such as cereal crop production, market oriented vegetable production, banana farming, and ginger/turmeric farming. A total of 200 group members will also be trained on pig breeding and rearing. In addition, 12 agro vet centers, 4 community nurseries, 111 irrigation schemes and 4 market mechanisms in working VDCs will be developed, strengthened and functional with their services. These initiatives will increase both production and income, ultimately contributing to food security of the participating households.

Objective #1

64 groups, 4 Community Group Networks (CGN), 4 cooperatives are established, have strong organizational capacity, and have begun working collectively on financial services.

Objective #2

Increase income gained from agriculture and animal husbandry production by 50% for 1,602 families.

Objective #3

Provide irrigation to 250 hectares for year round access to water by 1,050 families.